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Từ điển Việt Anh Việt 4in1 - English Vietnamese 4 in 1 Dictionary

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strain1 W3 /streɪn/ BrE AmE noun 1. WORRY worry that is caused by having to deal with a problem or work too hard over a long period of time ⇨ stress: I couldn’t look after him any more; the strain was too much for me. Did you find the job a strain? the stresses and strains of police life strain for The trial has been a terrible strain for both of us. Strain on It’s quite a strain on me when he’s drinking heavily. Put/place a strain on somebody The long working hours put a severe strain on employees. Under (a) strain I know you’ve been under a lot of strain lately. Crack/collapse/buckle etc under the strain (=become unable to khuyến mãi with a problem or work) I could see that she was beginning khổng lồ crack under the strain. 2. DIFFICULTY a difficulty or problem that is caused when a person, relationship, organization, or system has too much to bởi vì or too many problems to deal with strain on The dry summer has further increased the strain on water resources. Put/place (a) strain on something The flu epidemic has put a huge strain on the health service. Strain in The attack has led to strains in the relationship between the two countries. Under (a) strain His marriage was under strain. Break/crack/collapse etc under the strain The các buổi party split under the strain. 3. FORCE a situation in which something is being pulled or pushed, or is holding weight, and so might break or become damaged strain on The strain on the cables supporting the bridge is enormous. Put/place (a) strain on something Some of these exercises put too much strain on the back muscles. These four posts take the strain of the whole structure. Break/snap/collapse etc under the strain The rope snapped under the strain. 4. INJURY an injury to lớn a muscle or part of your body toàn thân that is caused by using it too much: Long hours working at a computer can cause eye strain. The goalkeeper is still out of kích hoạt with a knee strain. 5. PLANT/ANIMAL a type of animal, plant, or disease strain of different strains of wheat a new strain of the flu vi khuẩn QUALITY a particular chất lượng which people have, especially one that is passed from parents to children strain of There’s a strain of madness in his family. 7. WAY OF SAYING SOMETHING formal an amount of a feeling that you can see in the way someone speaks, writes, paints etc: a strain of bitterness in Young’s later work 8. strains of something literary the sound of music being played: We sipped wine to lớn the strains of Beethoven. • • • COLLOCATIONS (for Meanings 1 và 2) adjectives ▪ great/considerable/severe strain The country’s health system is under great strain. ▪ a terrible strain It’s been a terrible strain. ▪ an intolerable strain (=too great to lớn bear) The cost of these wars put an intolerable strain on the economy. ▪ undue strain (=too much strain) How much can you invest without putting any undue strain on your finances? ▪ emotional strain She has been suffering from considerable emotional strain. ▪ financial strain This welfare program has eased the financial strain of raising children alone. verbs ▪ put/place (a) strain on somebody/something Living with my parents put quite a strain on our marriage. ▪ crack/collapse/buckle etc under the strain (=become unable khổng lồ continue normally because of the strain) They are worried that the court system might collapse under the strain. ▪ ease the strain (=make it less) You can vị much khổng lồ ease the strain of the situation for her. phrases ▪ be under (a) strain Claudia could see that he was under considerable strain. ▪ stresses and strains Holidays help people to cope with the stresses và strains of life. • • • THESAURUS ▪ injury damage to lớn part of your body caused by an accident or an attack: The passengers were taken lớn hospital with minor injuries. ▪ wound an injury, especially a deep cut in your skin made by a knife, bullet, or bomb: He died of a gunshot wound lớn the head. ▪ cut a small injury made when a sharp object cuts your skin: Blood was running from a cut on his chin. ▪ bruise a dark mark on your skin that you get when you fall or get hit: Jack often comes home from playing rugby covered in bruises.

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▪ graze/scrape a small injury that marks your skin or breaks the surface slightly: She fell off her bike and got a few grazes on her legs & knees. ▪ gash a long deep cut: He had a deep gash across his forehead. ▪ bump an area of skin that is swollen because you have hit it against something: How did you get that bump on your head? ▪ sprain an injury to lớn your ↑ankle, ↑wrist, knee etc, caused by suddenly twisting it: It’s a slight sprain – you should rest your ankle for a week. ▪ strain an injury khổng lồ a muscle caused by stretching it or using it too much: a muscle strain in his neck ▪ fracture a crack or broken part in a bone: a hip fractureII.strain2 BrE AmE verb 1. INJURE to injure a muscle or part of your body by using it too much or making it work too hard: I’ve strained a muscle in my leg You’ll strain your eyes trying lớn read in this light. 2. EFFORT to try very hard to vì something using all your strength or ability strain (something) to vì chưng something She was straining to keep her head above the water. Strain for Bill choked and gasped, straining for air. Strain your ears/eyes (=try very hard khổng lồ hear or see) I strained my ears, listening for any sound in the silence of the cave. 3. LIQUID lớn separate solid things from a liquid by pouring the mixture through something with very small holes in it ⇨ sieve: She strained the pasta. 4. DIFFICULTY to cause difficulties for something by making too much work or too many problems which it cannot khuyễn mãi giảm giá with easily: The increased costs will certainly strain our finances. The incident has strained relations between the two countries. I felt that my patience was being strained khổng lồ the limit. 5. PULL/PUSH lớn pull hard at something or push hard against something strain against Buddy’s huge gut strained against the buttons on his shirt. Strain at a dog straining at its lead strain every nerve to lớn try as hard as possible to bởi something: He was straining every nerve to lớn impress the judges. 7. be straining at the leash lớn be eager to lớn be allowed to do something: There are 30,000 troops in the area, all straining at the leash. 8. not strain yourself to not work too hard or bởi vì too much physical activity – often used in an ↑ironic way: Don’t strain yourself. • • • THESAURUS to injure yourself or someone else ▪ hurt to damage part of your body, or someone else’s body: She slipped on the ice and hurt herself badly. | Be careful you don’t hurt anyone with that knife. ▪ injure lớn hurt yourself quite severely, or to be hurt in an accident or fighting: One of our players has injured his leg, và will be out of the trò chơi for weeks. | Four people have been seriously injured on the Arizona highway. ▪ wound lớn deliberately hurt someone using a weapon such as a knife or gun: The gunmen shot và killed twelve people and wounded three others. ▪ maim /meɪm/ khổng lồ hurt someone very severely, especially so that they thảm bại an arm, leg etc, often as the result of an explosion: In countries where there are landmines, people are killed và maimed daily. ▪ break khổng lồ hurt a part of your body by breaking a bone in it: The X-ray showed that I had broken my wrist. ▪ bruise to lớn hurt a part of your body when you fall on it or hit it, causing a dark mark khổng lồ appear on your skin: Cathy fell off her bike và bruised her legs badly. ▪ sprain/twist to hurt your knee, wrist, shoulder etc by suddenly twisting it while you are moving: I jumped down from the wall và landed awkwardly, spraining my ankle. ▪ strain/pull lớn hurt one of your muscles by stretching it or using it too much: When you are lifting heavy loads, be careful not lớn strain a back muscle. ▪ dislocate to lớn damage a joint in your toàn thân in a way that moves the two parts of the joint out of their normal position: Our best batsman dislocated his shoulder during training.

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▪ paralyse to make someone thua kém the ability lớn move part or all of their body: A climbing accident had left him paralysed from the chest down.strainhu◎danh từ bỏ ■sự căng, sự căng thẳng; trạng thái căng, trạng thái căng thẳng the rope broke under the strain dây thừng đứt bởi căng thừa to be a great strain on someone"s attention là một trong sự căng thẳng lớn so với sự chăm chú của ai to suffer from strain mệt vì làm việc căng ■(kỹ thuật) sức căng ■giọng, điệu nói to speak in an angry strain nói giọng giận dữ ■(âm nhạc) ((thường) số nhiều) giai điệu, nhạc điệu; đoạn nhạc, khúc nhạc ■(thơ ca); (văn học) ((thường) số nhiều) hứng ■khuynh hướng, chiều hướng there is a strain of weakness in him ngơi nghỉ anh ta có chiều hướng nhu nhược ■dòng dõi (người); giống như (súc vật) to come of a good strain là con dòng cháu giống ngoại động từ ■kéo căng (dây...); (nghĩa bóng) làm căng thẳng to strain one"s ears (eyes) vểnh tai (căng mắt) ■bắt thao tác làm việc quá sức, bắt làm việc căng quá, lợi dụng trên mức cần thiết take care not to lớn strain your eyes cảnh giác đừng để mắt làm việc căng thừa to strain somebody"s loyalty tận dụng lòng trung thành của người nào ■vi phạm (quyền hành), lấn quyền; to strain one"s powers lạm quyền của chính bản thân mình ■ôm (người nào) to strain someone khổng lồ one"s bosom ôm bạn nào ■lọc (lấy nước hoặc đem cái); nhằm ráo nước to strain off rice để gạo ráo nước ■(kỹ thuật) làm cho cong, làm cho méonội rượu cồn từ ■ráng sức, chũm sức, chũm sức; cố gắng một bí quyết ì ạch, vác ậm ạch plants straining upwards to lớn the light cây thế vươn lên ánh sáng rowers strain at the oar tín đồ chèo thuyền ra sức bơi lội mái chèo ■làm việc căng thẳng mệt mỏi to strain one"s heart bắt tim làm việc quá căng ■(+ at) căng ra, thẳng ra (dây); kéo căng dog strains at the leash chó kéo căng dây xích ■lọc qua (nước) to strain at a gnat quá câu nệ, quá không nguy hiểm to strain every nerve gắng sức, ra sức |